Why did I say one-time investment? That because berries are perennial. You grow them once + a bit of caring, they will always keep giving you fruits for years (like trees). Therefore, I say any perennial plants are worth the investment.
After the previous post, I researched a little more detail about plants that can grow in Germany/Central Europe climate. I came to the conclusion that I will start with small & easy care first. That is shrubs! Because trees (apple, peach, plum, etc.) take time to grow & mature.
So I will start with blueberry this year (probably fig as well). Hence, in this post I’d focus on blueberry.
Maybe you’re not but I was so surprised to learn that there are more than 30 species of blueberries in the world! I’m pretty sure there’re more. But many of them might not be identified and recorded. Also, they will continue cross breeding & evolving through the end of the world.
So…when it comes down to plant them in the garden. If you plant more than one species in your area, the cross-breeding will happen naturally. And the best species might not be the best anymore. So my question is what do I do? But my heart says ‘let’s do the diversity way.’ It told me to plant various varieties.
Plus, different types bloom and provide fruits with different harvesting time.
Should you be planting different blueberry species in your space?
My garden is located in the cold country (expected snow). But as I’m concerned about climate change. The world is gonna be burning.
That means the average temperature is higher everywhere in the world. Definitely, in cold countries, plants and animals will be experienced a huge change. To survive, they have to highly adapt, and be tolerant. Hence, except for the popular species, I also want to introduce heat-tolerant blueberry in the garden as well.
This is the list of robust types of blueberries
|Ozarkblue||H x W: 2.0 x 1.8 m, heat tolerant, large berry||Aug|
|Hortblue/Poppins||H x W: 1.5 x 1 m, juicy, sweet||Juli-Aug, Sep-Oct|
|Ama||H x W: 2.0 x 1.5 m, sweet-sour||Juli-Aug|
|Puru||H x W: 1.5 x 1 m, sweet||Juli-Aug|
|Hardyblue||H x W: 2.0 x 2.0 m, sweet-sour||Aug|
|Goldtraube||H x W: 1.5 x 1 m, drought resistant, a bit sour||Aug-Sep|
|Aurora||H x W: 2.0 x 2.0 m, best freeze tolerant, sweet-sour||Short period|
|Reka||H x W: 2.0 x 2.0 m, mild sour||Juli-Sept|
After study, I would select a few of them that provide long harvest period. I, now, understand why Hortblue is popular choice in every garden. Because it provides two sets of fruits and has longer period to harvest. Reka gives fruits early and long period too. Then in August, we should also have at least fruits with Ozarblue & Hardyblue. Late winter, in September we should have fruits of Goldtraube.
Blueberry is a bush. They stay small (vary in species). The good thing is you can plant in the pot, in case you don’t have a yard. But if you have enough space, it’s great to plant more than one species and plant a few plants of each species. This way will increase the pollination rate and you will get more fruits during the harvest season.
One thing to be aware of is: blueberry (& all berries) loves acidic soil. To have the best harvest you have to give the right fertilizers and amend the soil to be in the pH range of 4.5-5.5.
What to choose if you have limited space but still want to grow one or two.
In my opinion, I suggest Hortblue since they provide two harvesting period.
If you want to have another species to get (have more than one plant also increase the rate of pollination hence more yield). If your first choice is Hortblue, then I suggest you have Nui species to add on. According to this study, Shiryl Miller et al. (2011) showed the best yield was obtained from coupling Hortblue with Nui.
Thanks for reading!
Do this once & it will take care of you for all of your life!
Plant the edible perennial plants!
What plants should you start?
It depends on your location. Because plants are picky about the climate.
In the warm countries, you’re lucky! Because you can plant widely ranges. If you have limited space though you might want to pick ones that you enjoy eating.
- Die besten 35 Sorten für Ihren Garten, plantura.garden
- Erntezeit der Blaubeer– Sorten im Überblick, pflanzmich.de
- Erntezeit von Blaubeeren, plantopedia.com
- Plant & soil pH requirement, harvesttotable.com
- Gustavo A., Hancock James F., Breeding blueberries for a changing global environment: a review, Front. Plant Sci., 30 September 2015 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00782
- Shirley Miller et al., Pollination of ‘Hortblue Petite’ Blueberry: Evidence of Metaxenia in a New Ornamental Home-garden Cultivar, HortScience: a publication of the American Society for Horticultural Science 46(11):1468-1471