i.e. stands for id est
Meaning: that is, that means, in other words
Tips for i.e.
- use for more explanation, to give more specific information
- used to specify the event or clarify
e.g. stands for exempli gratia
Meaning: for example
Tips for e.g.
- use e.g. for list of examples, things, items, resources
- So whenever you want to give a list of something. Use e.g., and follow by a comma then list your items.)
- never use etc. after e.g.
How to use them in the sentence
- Write with i.e. and e.g. (each abbreviation followed by a period)
- Can use in the middle or at the beginning of the sentence.
- When you place them at the beginning of the sentence, the first letter is always capitalized -> I.e. and E.g.
- Always put a comma behind them (American English) -> i.e., and e.g.,
- UK English -> no comma >>>> Whatever style you use, be consistent
- Don’t need to be italicized